album 6: Chemtrails
Chemtrails Boven Hilversum482 viewsOp 24 februari 2006 hangen erover heel Hilversum de hele middag Chemtrailsporen in de lucht.
Dit blijkt 's avonds om 18.00u door te lopen tot Paleis Soestdijk. Zie de andere foto's in dit album 55 en zie ook album 9 op pagina 1.
Chemtrails Paleis Soestdijk op 24-2-2006 om 18.00u119 viewsOp alle foto's is geen wolkje te zien: Dit zijn allemaal chemische sporen van de vliegtuigen.
Who's Spraying Our Skies? Chemtrails on June 2nd, 2009 over Baarn, the Netherlands, filmed by Marc van Druten- UfoQuest4Truth.com: http://www.ufodewaarheid.com/movie/MOV00347.3GP
NASA Confirms Weather-Shaping Chemtrails are Real183 viewswww.mail.archive.com/WeatherShapingChemtrailsarereal
NASA: S-L-O-W To Spit Out The Truth
by Lisa Guliani
In the June 17, 2002 issue of the American Free Press newspaper, a bold headline caught my attention: "NASA Confirms Weather-Shaping Chemtrails". What?? Could it be? Do I dare believe my eyes? NASA is confirming that chemtrails are real? Naturally, I had to read this article written by Mike Blair.
You betcha, the good ole boys at NASA are FINALLY admitting what many of us already know and have been saying for quite some time - that chemtrails are not only REAL, but are also wreaking their deleterious effects on weather conditions. Well, whaddaya know? It must be a holiday or something. Gee, maybe if they REALLY try, they will even come across with the truth about HAARP someday in this lifetime. I can only dream.
If we assume the "glass-is-half-full" attitude, we might say that this sloooow admission is "progress" since governmental agencies have notoriously denied the existence of chemtrails despite Representative Dennis Kucinich legitimizing them in House Resolution 2977 as a form of "exotic weaponry" back in October, 2001. Sometimes I think if Jesus came down off the cross and declared that chemtrails are real, there would still be some moron to argue with Him about it. Duh.
The American Free Press article further states that NASA researchers (in all their wisdom, I'm sure) have even "concluded that this POLLUTION can create cirrus clouds." Did you read that, folks? NASA called chemtrails POLLUTION. Ahhh, maybe next time they'll grow a ball and call it just what it is - POISON. Moreover, NASA's Langley Research Center in Virginia went on to say that these artificially created cirrus clouds "have an impact on climate because they spread over large areas and effectively trap sunlight". Woohoo!! NASA began this latest bit of "research" after the events of 9/11/2001, so ten months of "study" and NASA has managed to officially connect the first dot or two. Bravo, fellas. It's nice to see ya catching up with the rest of us - finally.
Blair's article continues on to say NASA "came to its startling conclusions while conducting research while all NON-MILITARY aircraft were grounded" in the initial days following the events of September 11th. First of all, "startling conclusions?" Why is NASA startled at all? NASA has known about chemtrails all along. After all, isn't it NASA that obtained and holds the U.S. patent numbered 3813875? Why, YES, it is!!! Gee, maybe they forgot or something, ya think? They procured this patent in 1974. It is linked with a program that utilizes BARIUM for the purpose of creating ion clouds in our atmosphere. Fancy that. But NASA is "startled" to conclude that chemtrails are affecting our climate, eh?
According to AFP, Patrick Minnis, a senior researcher at Langley, stated that the man-made "cirrus clouds are already having an impact on climate, increasing temperatures on regional levels as much as two to five percent." Hmmm ... I wonder how long it will take my chemtrail debunker knuckledraggers to smear and eat their own? Think they'll be calling Minnis a kooky conspiracy theorist anytime soon? We'll see, won't we?
138 viewsBurgerinitiatief Stop Chemtrails Nu!
Dit is een Burgerinitiatief om 40.000 handtekeningen te verzamelen om het sproeien van Chemtrails op de agenda van de samenleving en de Tweede Kamer te zetten.
Behalve in de rest van Europa en de VS wordt ook in Nederland gesproeid door vliegtuigen. Contrails blijven maximaal 20 minuten zichtbaar. Chemtrails waaieren uit en zijn lange tijd zichtbaar. De chemische stoffen zijn gevaarlijk voor de mens, flora en fauna. De eigenschap van deze stoffen om het optimaal functioneren van het bewustzijn van de mens te blokkeren, verstoren tevens de magnetische velden rondom de Aarde en zijn mede verantwoordelijk voor de uitzonderlijke weersveranderingen. De toename van bedreigende ziektes en aandoeningen aan long en luchtwegen, huidziektes, chronische vermoeidheid is voor het grootste deel te wijten aan het sproeien van barium, deeltjes aluminium en andere stoffen.
In 1995 zijn de eerste meldingen van dit fenomeen gedaan. De laatste maanden was het even rustig, maar het sproeien neemt weer toe. In Zwitserland stond er een berichtje over in de krant. In Nederland heeft nog geen enkele journalist er iets over durven publiceren. Sinds we dit initiatief startten in maart 2006, zijn er enkele cynische stukje verschenen in de krant, om het bestaan te ontkennen en het initiatief belachelijk te maken. Nu het sproeien weer toeneemt, is het zaak dit initiatief weer naar buiten te brengen. Het sproeien wordt gestuurd door onderdelen van geheime diensten. Waarom doet het Parlement en de Regering hieraan mee en steunt ze dit sproeien en verbiedt ze het niet onmiddellijk? Waarom heeft geen enkel lid van het Parlement tot nu toe Kamervragen aan de regering gesteld? Let op, dit is GEEN complot theorie! Google het woord Chemtrails maar eens! Voor meer informatie: [email protected]
We vragen je dit Burgerinitiatief te steunen door je handtekening te zetten!
Met 40.000 handtekeningen zorgen we ervoor dat het sproeien van Chemtrails besproken moet worden in de Tweede Kamer. Er zijn al aardig wat handtekeningen binnen, maar nog lang niet genoeg! Alleen al het lanceren van dit initiatief heeft de aandacht gevestigd op Chemtrails. Dus we hopen dat dit de druk weer opvoert om er NU mee te STOPPEN!
De kamerprocedure is dat burgerinitiatieven alleen rechtsgeldig zijn als alle formulieren met handtekening, worden aangeboden, dus een emailactie is helaas niet mogelijk!
Adres, postcode en woonplaats
Alleen kiesgerechtigden kunnen tekenen. Het is belangrijk alle gevraagde gegevens in te vullen, anders is je handtekening niet geldig!
We vragen je dit formulier uit te printen en in een gefrankeerde enveloppe te sturen aan:
Burgerinitiatief Stop Chemtrails Nu!
Rooilaan 140, 7876 GW Valthermond.
Patently Obvious; A Partial History of Aerosol and Weather Related Technologies 122 viewswww.seektress.com/patlist.htm
1225521 - May 8, 1917 - Protection From Poisonous Gas in Warfare
Referenced in 4704942 - Charged aerosol
"A method of defending against a warfare cloud of toxic aerosol utilizes
a charged defensive aerosol which is sprayed into the cloud.
The defensive aerosol is made of a defensive agent
which may be chemically or biologically active."
A Partial History of Aerosol and Weather Related Technologies
July 30, 2003
Lorie Kramer [email protected]
1225521 - May 8, 1917 - Protection From Poisonous Gas in Warfare
Referenced in 4704942 - Charged aerosol
"A method of defending against a warfare cloud of toxic aerosol utilizes
a charged defensive aerosol which is sprayed into the cloud.
The defensive aerosol is made of a defensive agent
which may be chemically or biologically active."
1302332 - April 29, 1919 -Toy Machine Gun - F.V. Du Pont
Referenced in - 4141274 which is for a smoke generator,
which evolved into the particle and aerosol devices in use today.
The history of interest in aerosol and weather related technologies and devices is evident when a list of related patents is compiled and examined, even a partial list.
The following patents are all verifiable, along with additional information that can be found by reading the referrenced patents included in the documentation. Patent information can be found by visiting the
United States Patent and Trademark Office
Free Patents Online
1338343 - April 27, 1920 - Process And Apparatus For The Production of Intense Artificial Clouds, Fogs, or Mists
1619183 - March 1, 1927 - Process of Producing Smoke Clouds From Moving Aircraft
1631753 - June 7, 1927 - Electric Heater - Referenced in 3990987
1665267 - April 10, 1928 - Process of Producing Artificial Fogs
1892132 - December 27, 1932 - Atomizing Attachment For Airplane Engine Exhausts
1928963 - October 3, 1933 - Electrical System And Method
1957075 - May 1, 1934 - Airplane Spray Equipment
2097581 - November 2, 1937 - Electric Stream Generator - Referenced in 3990987
2409201 - October 15, 1946 - Smoke Producing Mixture
2476171 - July 18, 1945 - Smoke Screen Generator
2480967 - September 6, 1949 - Aerial Discharge Device
2550324 - April 24, 1951 - Process For Controlling Weather
2510867 - October 9, 1951 - Method of Crystal Formation and Precipitation
2582678 - June 15, 1952 - Material Disseminating Apparatus For Airplanes
2591988 - April 8, 1952 - Production of TiO2 Pigments - Referenced in 3899144
2614083 - October 14, 1952 - Metal Chloride Screening Smoke Mixture
2633455 - March 31, 1953 - Smoke Generator
2688069 - August 31, 1954 - Steam Generator - Referenced in 3990987
2721495 - October 25, 1955 - Method And Apparatus For Detecting Minute Crystal Forming Particles Suspended in a Gaseous Atmosphere
2730402 - January 10, 1956 - Controllable Dispersal Device
2801322 - July 30, 1957 - Decomposition Chamber for Monopropellant Fuel - Referenced in 3990987
2881335 - April 7, 1959 - Generation of Electrical Fields
2908442 - October 13, 1959 - Method For Dispersing Natural Atmospheric Fogs And Clouds
2986360 - May 30, 1962 - Aerial Insecticide Dusting Device
2963975 - December 13, 1960 - Cloud Seeding Carbon Dioxide Bullet
3126155 - March 24, 1964 - Silver Iodide Cloud Seeding Generator - Referenced in 3990987
3127107 - March 31, 1964 - Generation of Ice-Nucleating Crystals
3131131 - April 28, 1964 - Electrostatic Mixing in Microbial Conversions
3174150 - March 16, 1965 - Self-Focusing Antenna System
3234357 - February 8, 1966 - Electrically Heated Smoke Producing Device
3274035 - September 20, 1966 - Metallic Composition For Production of Hydroscopic Smoke
3300721 - January 24, 1967 - Means For Communication Through a Layer of Ionized Gases
3313487 - April 11, 1967 - Cloud Seeding Apparatus
3338476 - August 29, 1967 - Heating Device For Use With Aerosol Containers - Referenced in 3990987
3410489 - November 12, 1968 - Automatically Adjustable Airfoil Spray System With Pump
3429507 - February 25, 1969 - Rainmaker
3432208 - November 7, 1967 - Fluidized Particle Dispenser
3441214 - April 29, 1969 - Method And Apparatus For Seeding Clouds
3445844 - May 20, 1969 - Trapped Electromagnetic Radiation Communications System
3456880 - July 22, 1969 - Method Of Producing Precipitation From The Atmosphere
3518670 June 30, 1970 - Artificial Ion Cloud
3534906 - October 20, 1970 - Control of Atmospheric Particles
3545677 - December 8, 1970 - Method of Cloud Seeding
3564253 - February 16, 1971 - System And Method For Irradiation Of Planet Surface Areas
3587966 - June 28, 1971 - Freezing Nucleation
3601312 - August 24, 1971 - Methods of Increasing The Likelihood oF Precipatation By The Artificial Introduction Of Sea Water Vapor Into The Atmosphere Winward Of An Air Lift Region
3608810 - September 28, 1971 - Methods of Treating Atmospheric Conditions
3608820 - September 20, 1971 - Treatment of Atmospheric Conditions by Intermittent Dispensing of Materials Therein
3613992 - October 19, 1971 - Weather Modification Method
3630950 - December 28, 1971 - Combustible Compositions For Generating Aerosols, Particularly Suitable For Cloud Modification And Weather Control And Aerosolization Process
USRE29142 - This patent is a reissue of patent US3630950 - Combustible compositions for generating aerosols, particularly suitable for cloud modification and weather control and aerosolization process
3659785 - December 8, 1971 - Weather Modification Utilizing Microencapsulated Material
3666176 - March 3, 1972 - Solar Temperature Inversion Device
3677840 - July 18, 1972 - Pyrotechnics Comprising Oxide of Silver For Weather Modification Use
3722183 - March 27, 1973 - Device For Clearing Impurities From The Atmosphere
3769107 - October 30, 1973 - Pyrotechnic Composition For Generating Lead Based Smoke
3784099 - January 8, 1974 - Air Pollution Control Method
3785557 - January 15, 1974 - Cloud Seeding System
3795626 - March 5, 1974 - Weather Modification Process
3808595 - April 30, 1974 - Chaff Dispensing System
3813875 - June 4, 1974 - Rocket Having Barium Release System to Create Ion Clouds In The Upper Atmopsphere
3835059 - September 10, 1974 - Methods of Generating Ice Nuclei Smoke Particles For Weather Modification And Apparatus Therefore
3835293 - September 10, 1974 - Electrical Heating Aparatus For Generating Super Heated Vapors - Referenced in 3990987
3877642 - April 15, 1975 - Freezing Nucleant
3882393 - May 6, 1975 - Communications System Utilizing Modulation of The Characteristic Polarization of The Ionosphere
3896993 - July 29, 1975 - Process For Local Modification of Fog And Clouds For Triggering Their Precipitation And For Hindering The Development of Hail Producing Clouds
3899129 - August 12, 1975 - Apparatus for generating ice nuclei smoke particles for weather modification
3899144 - August 12, 1975 - Powder contrail generation
3940059 - February 24, 1976 - Method For Fog Dispersion
3940060 - February 24, 1976 - Vortex Ring Generator
3990987 - November 9, 1976 - Smoke generator
3992628 - November 16, 1976 - Countermeasure system for laser radiation
3994437 - November 30, 1976 - Broadcast dissemination of trace quantities of biologically active chemicals
4042196 - August 16, 1977 - Method and apparatus for triggering a substantial change in earth characteristics and measuring earth changes
RE29,142 - February 22, 1977 - Reissue of: 03630950 - Combustible compositions for generating aerosols, particularly suitable for cloud modification and weather control and aerosolization process
4035726 - July 12, 1977 - Method of controlling and/or improving high-latitude and other communications or radio wave surveillance systems by partial control of radio wave et al
4096005 - June 20, 1978 - Pyrotechnic Cloud Seeding Composition
4129252 - December 12, 1978 - Method and apparatus for production of seeding materials
4141274 - February 27, 1979 - Weather modification automatic cartridge dispenser
4167008 - September 4, 1979 - Fluid bed chaff dispenser
4347284 - August 31, 1982 - White cover sheet material capable of reflecting ultraviolet rays
4362271 - December 7, 1982 - Procedure for the artificial modification of atmospheric precipitation as well as compounds with a dimethyl sulfoxide base for use in carrying out said procedure
4402480 - September 6, 1983 - Atmosphere modification satellite
4412654 - November 1, 1983 - Laminar microjet atomizer and method of aerial spraying of liquids
4415265 - November 15, 1983 - Method and apparatus for aerosol particle absorption spectroscopy
4470544 - September 11, 1984 - Method of and Means for weather modification
4475927 - October 9, 1984 - Bipolar Fog Abatement System
4600147 - July 15, 1986 - Liquid propane generator for cloud seeding apparatus
4633714 - January 6, 1987 - Aerosol particle charge and size analyzer
4643355 - February 17, 1987 - Method and apparatus for modification of climatic conditions
4653690 - March 31, 1987 - Method of producing cumulus clouds
4684063 - August 4, 1987 - Particulates generation and removal
4686605 - August 11, 1987 - Method and apparatus for altering a region in the earth's atmosphere, ionosphere, and/or magnetosphere
4704942 - November 10, 1987 - Charged Aerosol
4712155 - December 8, 1987 - Method and apparatus for creating an artificial electron cyclotron heating region of plasma
4744919 - May 17, 1988 - Method of dispersing particulate aerosol tracer
4766725 - August 30, 1988 - Method of suppressing formation of contrails and solution therefor
4829838 - May 16, 1989 - Method and apparatus for the measurement of the size of particles entrained in a gas
4836086 - June 6, 1989 - Apparatus and method for the mixing and diffusion of warm and cold air for dissolving fog
4873928 - October 17, 1989 - Nuclear-sized explosions without radiation
4948257 - August 14, 1990 - Laser optical measuring device and method for stabilizing fringe pattern spacing
4948050 - August 14, 1990 - Liquid atomizing apparatus for aerial spraying
4999637 - March 12, 1991 - Creation of artificial ionization clouds above the earth
5003186 - March 26, 1991 - Stratospheric Welsbach seeding for reduction of global warming
5005355 - April 9, 1991 - Method of suppressing formation of contrails and solution therefor
5038664 - August 13, 1991 - Method for producing a shell of relativistic particles at an altitude above the earths surface
5041760 - August 20, 1991 - Method and apparatus for generating and utilizing a compound plasma configuration
5041834 - August 20, 1991 - Artificial ionospheric mirror composed of a plasma layer which can be tilted
5056357 - October 15, 1991- Acoustic method for measuring properties of a mobile medium
5059909 - October 22, 1991 - Determination of particle size and electrical charge
5104069 - April 14, 1992 - Apparatus and method for ejecting matter from an aircraft
5110502 - May 5, 1992 - Method of suppressing formation of contrails and solution therefor
5156802 - October 20, 1992 - Inspection of fuel particles with acoustics
5174498 - December 29, 1992 - Cloud Seeding
5148173 - September 15, 1992 - Millimeter wave screening cloud and method
5245290 - September 14, 1993 - Device for determining the size and charge of colloidal particles by measuring electroacoustic effect
5286979 - February 15, 1994 - Process for absorbing ultraviolet radiation using dispersed melanin
5296910 - March 22, 1994 - Method and apparatus for particle analysis
5327222 - July 5, 1994 - Displacement information detecting apparatus
5357865 - October 25, 1994 - Method of cloud seeding
5360162 - November 1, 1994 - Method and composition for precipitation of atmospheric water
5383024 - January 17, 1995 - Optical wet steam monitor
5425413 - June 20, 1995 - Method to hinder the formation and to break-up overhead atmospheric inversions, enhance ground level air circulation and improve urban air quality
5434667 - July 18, 1995 - Characterization of particles by modulated dynamic light scattering
5441200 - August 15, 1995 - Tropical cyclone disruption
5486900 - January 23, 1996 - Measuring device for amount of charge of toner and image forming apparatus having the measuring device
5556029 - September 17, 1996 - Method of hydrometeor dissipation (clouds)
5628455 - May 13, 1997 - Method and apparatus for modification of supercooled fog
5631414 - May 20, 1997 - Method and device for remote diagnostics of ocean-atmosphere system state
5639441 - June 17, 1997 - Methods for fine particle formation
5762298 - June 9, 1998 - Use of artificial satellites in earth orbits adaptively to modify the effect that solar radiation would otherwise have on earth's weather
5912396 - June 15, 1999 - System and method for remediation of selected atmospheric conditions
5922976 - July 13, 1999 - Method of measuring aerosol particles using automated mobility-classified aerosol detector
5949001 - September 7, 1999 - Method for aerodynamic particle size analysis
5984239 - November 16, 1999 - Weather modification by artificial satellite
6025402 - February 15, 2000 - Chemical composition for effectuating a reduction of visibility obscuration, and a detoxifixation of fumes and chemical fogs in spaces of fire origin
6030506 - February 29, 2000 - Preparation of independently generated highly reactive chemical species
6034073 - March 7, 2000 - Solvent detergent emulsions having antiviral activity
6045089 - April 4, 2000 - Solar-powered airplane
6056203 - May 2, 2000 - Method and apparatus for modifying supercooled clouds
6110590 - August 29, 2000 - Synthetically spun silk nanofibers and a process for making the same
6263744 - July 24, 2001 - Automated mobility-classified-aerosol detector
6281972 - August 28, 2001 - Method and apparatus for measuring particle-size distribution
6315213 - November 13, 2001 - Method of modifying weather
6382526 - May 7, 2002 - Process and apparatus for the production of nanofibers
6408704 - June 25, 2002 - Aerodynamic particle size analysis method and apparatus
6412416 - July 2, 2002 - Propellant-based aerosol generation devices and method
6520425 - February 18, 2003 - Process and apparatus for the production of nanofibers
6539812 - April 1, 2003 - System for measuring the flow-rate of a gas by means of ultrasound
6553849 - April 29, 2003 - Electrodynamic particle size analyzer
6569393 - May 27, 2003 - Method and device for cleaning the atmosphere
Chem Trail Tracking USA
Cliford Carnicom - Aerosol Crimes & Cover-up Documented
Rense.com Chemtrail Datapage
Beijing Weather Modification Office89 viewswww.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beijing_Weather_Modification_Office
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Beijing Weather Modification Office
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Beijing Weather Modification Office
Traditional Chinese: 北京市人工影響天氣辦公室
Simplified Chinese: 北京市人工影响天气办公室
- Hanyu Pinyin: Běijīngsh? R?ngōng Y?ngxiăng Tiānq? B?ngōngsh?
The Beijing Weather Modification Office is a unit of the Beijing Meteorological Bureau tasked with weather control in Beijing and its surrounding areas, including parts of Hebei and Inner Mongolia. The Beijing Weather Modification Office form a part of China's nationwide weather control effort, believed to be the world's largest; it employs 37,000 peasants nationwide, who seed clouds by firing rockets and shells loaded with silver iodide into them. According to Zhang Qiang, head of the Office, cloud seeding increased precipitation in Beijing by about one-eighth in 2004; nationwide, similar efforts are believed to have added 7.4 trillion cubic feet of rain between 1995 and 2003.
The work of the Office is largely aimed at hailstorm prevention or making rain to end droughts; they have also induced precipitation for purposes of firefighting or counteracting the effect of severe dust storms, as they did in the aftermath of one storm in April 2006 which dropped 300,000 tonnes of dust and sand on the city and was believed to have been the largest in five years. Their technology was also used to create snow on New Year's Day in 1997. Other proposed future uses for induced precipitation include lowering temperatures in summer, in hopes of reducing electricity consumption. More prominently, they have also been enlisted by the Chinese government to attempt to ensure that the 2008 Summer Olympics are free of rain, by breaking up clouds headed towards the capital and forcing them to drop rain on outlying areas instead.
^ "Weather modification". Beijing Meteorological Bureau. Retrieved on 2007-11-15.
^ a b "北京市气象台今年首发雷雨大风蓝色预警 (Beijing Meteorological Bureau issues blue thunderstorm warning for first time this year)" (in Chinese), People's Daily (2006-06-26). Retrieved on 2007-11-15.
^ Chen, Jieqiong (2007-08-15). "08奥运天气控制系统大揭秘 控制天气全凭高科技 (08 Olympics weather control system unveiled; controls the weather with advanced technology)", China Radio International. Retrieved on 2007-11-15.
^ a b MacLeod, Calum (2006-06-29). "China rolls out the big guns, aiming for a dry Olympics", USA Today. Retrieved on 2007-11-15.
^ a b Ruwitch, John (2004-07-27). "China Seeders Train Sights on Soggy Skies", Reuters. Retrieved on 2007-11-19.
^ "China says it made rain to wash off sand", MSNBC News (2006-05-06). Retrieved on 2007-11-15.
^ "Need More Snow? Beijing Weather Wizards Deliver", The Deseret News (1997-01-16). Retrieved on 2007-11-19.
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History of weather control88 viewswww.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weather_control
History of weather control
Witches concoct a brew to summon a hailstorm.Some American Indians had rituals which they believed could induce rain. The Finnish people, on the other hand, were believed by others to be able to control weather. As a result, Vikings refused to take Finns on their oceangoing raids. Remnants of this superstition lasted into the twentieth century, with some ship crews being reluctant to accept Finnish sailors. The early modern era saw people observe that during battles the firing of cannons and other firearms often initiated precipitation. Magical and religious practices to control the weather are attested in a variety of cultures. In Greek mythology, Iphigenia was sacrificed as a human sacrifice to appease the wrath of the goddess Artemis, who had caused the Achaean fleet to be becalmed at Aulis at the beginning of the Trojan War. In Homer's Odyssey, Aeolus, keeper of the winds, bestowed Odysseus and his crew with a gift of the four winds in a bag. However, the sailors open the bag while Odysseus slept, looking for booty, and as a result are blown off course by the resulting gale. In ancient Rome, the lapis manalis was a sacred stone kept outside the walls of Rome in a temple of Mars. When Rome suffered from drought, the stone was dragged into the city. The Berwick witches of Scotland were found guilty of using black magic to summon storms to murder King James VI of Scotland by seeking to sink the ship upon which he travelled. Scandinavian witches allegedly claimed to sell the wind in bags or magically confined into wooden staves; they sold the bags to seamen who could release them when becalmed. In various towns of Navarre, prayers petitioned Saint Peter to grant rain in time of drought. If the rain was not forthcoming, the statue of St Peter was removed from the church and tossed into a river.
Perhaps the first example of practical weather control is the lightning rod. In the 1950s, computer scientist John von Neumann, an early theorizer on weather control, surmised that if Earth were to enter another Ice Age, a preventative solution would be to dump dirt (or spray soot from cropdusting planes) on the surface of the planet's glaciers. He noted that this would significantly change their reflectivity (albedo), and thus increase the solar energy retained by the planet. Such a strategy would require repeated applications, as storms would cover some portion of the soot with new snow until their frequency and range abated. The theoretical efficacy of von Neumann's proposal remains to be examined. Wilhelm Reich performed cloudbusting experiments in the 1950s to 1960s, the results of which are controversial. Dr Walter Russell wrote of weather control in Atomic Suicide 1956. Jack Toyer 1970s building a rainmaker Palmers Island near Grafton using Mirror Solar radiations Electromagnetic Static charge and infra red frequencies of Light to induce weather in regional areas within Australia interviewed by Mike Willise and George Negus in 1980s continued work by remainder man Peter Stevens 1980s through 2000s
 Cloud seeding for rain
Cloud seeding is a common technique intended to trigger rain, but evidence on its effectiveness is mixed. Critics generally contend that claimed successes occur in conditions which were going to rain anyway. It is used in several different countries, including the United States, the People's Republic of China, and Russia. In the People's Republic of China there is a perceived dependency upon it in dry regions, which believe they are increasing annual rainfall by firing silver iodide rockets into the sky where rain is desired. In the United States, dry ice or silver iodide may be injected into a cloud by aircraft, or from the ground, in an attempt to increase rainfall; some companies are dedicated to this form of weather modification.
 Storm prevention
Project Stormfury was an attempt to weaken tropical cyclones by flying aircraft into storms and seeding the eyewall with silver iodide. The project was run by the United States Government from 1962 to 1983. A similar project using soot was run in 1958, with inconclusive results. Various methods have been proposed to reduce the harmful effects of hurricanes. Moshe Alamaro of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology proposed using barges with upward-pointing jet engines to trigger smaller storms to disrupt the progress of an incoming hurricane; critics doubt the jets would be powerful enough to make any noticeable difference.
Alexandre Chorin of the University of California at Berkeley proposed dropping large amounts of environmentally friendly oils on the sea surface to prevent droplet formation. Experiments by Kerry Emanuel of MIT in 2002 suggested that hurricane-force winds would disrupt the oil slick, making it ineffective. Other scientists disputed the factual basis of the theoretical mechanism assumed by this approach. The Florida company Dyn-O-Mat proposes the use of a product it has developed, called Dyn-O-Gel, to reduce the strength of hurricanes. The substance is a powder which reportedly has the ability to absorb 1,500 times its own weight in water. The theory is that it is dropped into clouds to remove their moisture. When the gel reaches the ocean surface, it is reportedly dissolved. The company has tested the substance on a thunderstorm, but there has not been any scientific consensus established as to its effectiveness. Hail cannons are used by some farmers in an attempt to ward off hail, but there is no reliable scientific evidence to confirm or deny their effectiveness. Another new anti-hurricane technology  is a method for the reduction of tropical cyclones? destructive force - pumping sea water and diffused in the wind at the bottom of such tropical cyclone in its eyewall.
 Ionospheric experiments
HIPAS has several diverse experimental facilities: a 1-megawatt rf transmitter to produce ELF/VLF (Extremely Low Frequency and Very Low Frequency) electromagnetic (EM) generation by the absorption of radio frequency (rf) power in the arctic ionosphere including ion cyclotron excitation; a 100 kW rf plasma torch used in research on the destruction of hazardous waste; a 2.7 m liquid mirror telescope used with one of several lasers for ionospheric stimulation and measurement; an Incoherent Scatter Radar (a new project using 88 ft. diameter antenna at NOAA Gilmore Creek site 34 km SW of HIPAS as the receiving antenna with the transmitter at HIPAS). HIPAS is in the process of adding a very high power (terawatt) laser (recently obtained from LLNL) to perform laser breakdown experiments in the ionosphere. Two Diesel electric generators (1500 HP 4160 V, 3-phase, 1.2 MVA each) are used to power the experiments. There are a number of computers (PC's ) on site, and a high-speed data line to UAF is available. While these experiments are useful in measuring the properties of the ionosphere, they produce insufficient amounts of energy to modify it in any significant way.
Atmospheric Ionization Research Association Incorporated in 2007 in Australia began reworking Jack Toyers machine principals (http://video.google.com.au/videoplay?docid=-9102682294862253229) with operations in regional Queensland Chincilla 2006, Kilcoy 2006, Dalby 2007, Sapphire 2007, Calliope 2007. New South Wales Casino 2006-2008,Lismore 2006-2008 Bourke 2007. Arizona Phoenix 2007-2008, Death Valley 2007 December 2007 dedication to Jack Toyer,Lao and Dr Walter Russells work in Virginia at Swannonoa Palace estate operating in USA , Mobile to travel to sites with a great deal of Success within the Target Area's this Science Phenomena of Rain from Blue Skies and Many other Videos on Google(http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b-8sVWfmWb8)
 Weather control and law
This article or section deals primarily with the United States and does not represent a worldwide view of the subject.
Please improve this article or discuss the issue on the talk page.
 1977 Environmental Modification Convention
Main article: Environmental Modification Convention
Weather control, as well as "weather tampering", for hostile or military purposes is expressly forbidden dating from at least December 10, 1976, when the "United Nations General Assembly Resolution 31/72, TIAS 9614 Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques" was adopted. The Convention was: Signed in Geneva May 18, 1977; Entered into force October 5, 1978; Ratification by U.S. President December 13, 1979; U.S. ratification deposited at New York January 17, 1980.
 2005 U.S. Senate Bill 517 and U.S. House Bill 2995
U.S. Senate Bill 517 and U.S. House Bill 2995 were two laws proposed in 2005 that would have allowed experimental weather modification by artificial methods, established a Weather Modification Operations and Research Board, and implemented a national weather modification policy. Neither ever became law.
 Future aspirations
Climatologist Ross Hoffman has simulated hurricane control based on selective heating and cooling (or prevention of evaporation). Futurist John Smart has discussed the potential for weather control via space-based solar power networks. One proposal involves the gentle heating via microwave of portions of large hurricanes. Such chaotic systems may be susceptible to "side steering" with a few degrees of increased temperature/pressure at critical points. A sufficient network might keep the largest and most potentially damaging hurricanes from landfall, at the request of host nations. Blizzards, monsoons, and other extreme weather are also potential candidates for space-based amelioration.[citations needed] If large-scale weather control were to become feasible, potential implications may include:
Unintended side effects, especially given the chaotic nature of weather development
Damage to existing ecosystems
Health risks to humans
Equipment malfunction or accidents
Non-democratic control or use as a weapon
For the 2008 Olympics, the Chinese have set aside 30 airplanes, 4,000 rocket launchers, and 7,000 anti-aircraft guns to stop rain. The Chinese plan to shoot various chemicals into any threatening clouds to shrink rain drops before they reach the stadium.
 Weather control in popular culture
In popular culture, weather control technology can be encountered in the realms of public speculation, science fiction, and fantasy. The concept of weather control is often portrayed as a part of terraforming.
 Film and television
 Star Trek
In the Star Trek universe, most advanced planets and colonies utilize weather control, often referred to as weather modification grids or weather modification nets. A small, but long-established TNG-era (ca 2369) colony was a weather control facility for approximately a hundred years. Most advanced civilizations apparently employ weather control standard equipment.
Weather control technology in 2270s required special facilities, modern TNG- and DS9-era technology consists of multiple mid-size devices positioned strategically, networked and controlled from more-or-less arbitrary places.
For example, the planet Risa has its climate controlled to be a tropical paradise. Perhaps one of the few modern exceptions of planets apparently without weather control technology is Ferenginar with continuous rain. (It could be the weather control is set for never ending rain, or is expensive to maintain.)
 Other films or shows
In the SciFi Channel Original Series, Stargate SG1, Episode 214, "Touchstone", aired on October 30, 1998, the Stargate SG1 team discovers a weather control device on an alien planet, which is subsequently stolen and brought to earth, where experimenting with it wreaked havoc with the local weather. The device was later recaptured and returned to its original planet which had suffered phenominal storms since it had been stolen.
In the Disney Channel Original Movie, The Ultimate Christmas Present, two girls find a weather machine and make it snow in Los Angeles.
In the live action Justice League of America film, the villain is a terrorist who has a weather control device.
In Aliens, a colony sent to LV-426 by the Company utilized a fusion-powered terraforming atmosphere processor. In the first film, the planet's climate was not yet suitable for human life.
In the 1987 Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles cartoon series, the episode "Hot Rodding Teenagers from Dimension X" includes Stone Warriors using a "weather satellite", with one difference: while other weather satellite gives weather prognosis, this one "makes weather". The "weather satellite" creates a storm to level New York City, but the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles destroy it. The episode "Take Me to Your Leader" of the same series include Krang and the Shredder using a machine to reduce the Sun, creating cold weather on the Earth.
Storm (played by Halle Berry), a member of the X-Men, can control the weather with her mind.
In Superman III, Gus Gorman (Richard Pryor) changes the weather by hacking into a weather satellite.
In a Family Guy episode, Stewie builds a machine that can control the weather using only a satellite dish and a See 'n Say.
In the film The Avengers Sir August de Wynter (Sean Connery) creates a satellite capable of controlling the weather.
Our Man Flint is a 1966 sci-fi action film which stars James Coburn as Derek Flint where a trio of mad scientists attempt to blackmail the world with a weather-control machine.
Kaij?t? no kessen: Gojira no musuko is a 1967 film from Japan. Scientists, on a tropical island, conduct weather control experiments then encounter gigantic praying mantises and a giant spider that attack the son of Godzilla. Godzilla arrives and saves his offspring.
The cartoon miniseries G.I. Joe: The Revenge of Cobra, showed the terrorist group Cobra in possession of a device called the Weather Dominator.
 Computer games
In Master Of Orion, it is possible to build a weather control building to change the planet's environment.
In Command & Conquer: Red Alert 2, the Allies can build the weather controller device superweapon, and direct thunderstorms to strike a selected location of the map every 10 game minutes.
In Phantasy Star II, a weather, irrigation and dam control system known as Climatrol has been constructed by Mother Brain to make the barren planet Motavia habitable for Palman occupation.
In the forthcoming game Spore by Will Wright, players will be able to use a spacecraft to modify planetary atmospheres - creating volcanoes to generate carbon dioxide, seeding plant life to create breathable air, or even using a "Genesis device" to make a planet habitable in one go.
Ben Bova's "The Weathermakers" is the story of a government agency that controls the weather.
Sydney Sheldon's "Are You Afraid of the Dark" is the story of a think tank that builds technology powerful enough to create hurricanes, tornadoes, and tsunamis.
In Michael Crichton's "State of Fear," ecoterrorists plan to create a tsunami, calve an iceberg, and induce flash flooding and hurricanes.
In Normand Lester?s science Thriller Verglas, the 1998 icestorm that struck the Montr?al area is an experiment by the Pentagon in the development of a climatic weapon that went wrong. The book speculate that ULF waves generated by a transmitter at Siple Station, a US base in Antarctica, caused the icestorm by affecting the ionosphere over Qu?bec.
In Lois Lowry's "The Giver," the government controls the weather and keeps it from snowing, and confine rain to the farmland.
In the book series Weather Warden by Rachel Caine, the Wardens are an association of people who have the ability to control the elements - earth, fire and weather. They manipulate these elements to stop natural disasters from devastating mankind. The main character herself is a Weather Warden, so weather manipulation plays a large role throughout the series.
In Roger Zelazny's The Chronicles of Amber an openly known quality of the Jewel of Judgment is the ability to control the local weather.
In Frank Herbert's Dune series, weather control is widespread, and is achieved with specialized satellites in orbit around a planet.
cloudbusting by Kate Bush
 Other fictional weather controllers
DC Comics villain Weather Wizard could control the weather with a special kind of technology in the shape of a wand.
Marvel Comics heroes Thor and Storm could control weather; the former because he is the Norse god of thunder, the latter because she is a mutant whose powers specifically center around weather control.
Digimon character Wizardmon could manipulate thunderstorms.
When the Muppet Count von Count of Sesame Street laughs, it often invokes thunder.
In some of the Asterix comics, when the village bard Cacofonix sings, it starts to rain.
 Conspiracy theories
Conspiracy theorists have suggested that certain governments use or seek to use weather control as a weapon (eg via HAARP and/or chemtrails), but such allegations have not been proven. At a counterterrorism conference in 1997, United States Secretary of Defense William Cohen referred to the writings of futurist Alvin Toffler, specifically regarding concerns about "eco-terrorism" and intentionally caused natural disasters.
 See also
High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP)
Weather Modification Operations and Research Board
Beijing Weather Modification Office
Space Preservation Act
^ Homer, The Odyssey, book 10.
^ Sir James Frazer, The Golden Bough, ch. 5 (abridged edition), "The Magical Control of Rain"
^ Smout, T. C. A History of the Scottish People 1560-1830, pp 184 - 192
^ Adam of Bremen and Ole Worm are quoted as maintaining this in Grillot de Givry's Witchcraft, Magic and Alchemy (Frederick Publications, 1954).
^ Frazer, supra.
^ a b http://environment.newscientist.com/article/dn7995.html - Alamaro proposal and energy critique
^ Moshe Alamaro's brief bio
^ http://www.newscientist.com/article.ns?id=dn7726 - Chorin proposal
^ Kerry Emanuel's Homepage
^ Could humans tackle hurricanes? - earth - 14 September 2005 - New Scientist Environment
^ Oil on troubled waters may stop hurricanes - earth - 25 July 2005 - New Scientist
^ Anti-hurricane invention worth pursuing. Murdock, Deroy. Scripps Howard News Service. 22 Oct 2005.
^ Environmental Modification Convention
^ "Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques", United States Department of State. Retrieved on 2007-09-28.
^ S. 517 [109th]: Weather Modification Research and Development Policy Authorization Act of 2005 (GovTrack.us)
^ H.R. 2995 [109th]: Weather Modification Research and Technology Transfer Authorization Act of 2005 (GovTrack.us)
^ Hoffman, R, "Controlling Hurricanes," Scientific American, Oct 2004.
^ Demick, Barbara, "China plans to halt rain for Olympics," Los Angeles Times, January 2008.
^ "Terraforming". SporeNormous (2008). Retrieved on 2008-07-04.
^ COHEN ADDRESS 4/28 AT CONFERENCE ON TERRORISM Terrorism, Weapons of Mass Destruction, and U.S. Strategy Sam Nunn Policy Forum April 28, 1997 University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia
 External articles and further reading
 General information
Weather Modification Association Perhaps the largest commercial overhead organization for weather modification research and application.
Golden Dome construction Hundreds of advanced practitioners of Transcendental Meditation put their attention on favorable weather conditions during construction of the Golden Dome during the winter of 1980.
The Testimony of Dr. Tom DeFelice (Past President, Weather Modification Association) in support of Weather Modification Operations and Research Board
109th Congress S. 517: Weather Modification Research and Technology Transfer Authorization Act of 2005
Article Montana restricts spraying to a window of months and requires materials and employee lists
US Navy Some work is done by The United States Navy using ELF: Simulations of ELF radiation generated by heating the high-latitude D- region. (This work is supported by the Office of Naval Research and, in part, by a grant of HPC time from the DoD High Performance Computing Center at the Army Research Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Ground)
"The Weather Modification Operations and Research Board (passed Oct.2005) - in corporate cooperation with BAE Systems (HAARP apparatus & facility owner) and Raytheon Corporation (HAARP patent owner)
"NOAA?S NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE AWARDS $300 MILLION AWIPS CONTRACT TO RAYTHEON"
"Raytheon Aircraft Company (Owner of HAARP patents, and, NOAA-funded aerosol weather modification/AESA radar weather weapons)"
"BAE Systems (program and apparatus-owner of the HAARP facility, Railgun technology, electromagnetic armor, and, a sub-corporation partner with Raytheon via British Aerospace Corporation
"General Dynamics Robotics (owned by Raytheon Corp) - military contractor/manufacturer of Unmanned Autonomous Vehicles (UAV) aircraft designed for "all-weather," computer-controlled weapons defense progams
"HAARP Completed! - news compilation
"President Bush's National Response Plan"
"Boeing, Lockheed Martin, BAE Systems, and Raytheon to create B2B exchange for the aerospace and defense industry, powered by Microsoft"
North American Interstate Weather Modification Council
The Gateway Arch as a weather control device
William Cohen Address of 4/28/1997 where he mentioned the possibility of "eco-terrorism" including weather control.
Scientific American Magazine (October 2004 Issue) Controlling Hurricanes
Weather control video's and info
Eastlund Scientific Enterprises The established corporation of Bernard Eastlund, the inventor of the fusion torch, patents used for the HAARP, and the weather-modifying "Thunderstorm Solar-Powered Satellite" system.
Whitehouse.gov The "National Security and Homeland Security Presidential Directive" of 2007, in which "The President shall lead the activities of the Federal Government for ensuring constitutional government" (powers of legislative and judiciary branches aside) during any sort of catastrophic emergency in the USA.
Process for weather control, H. M. Brandau, U.S. Patent 2,756,097
Weather control by artificial means, Heinz W. Kasemir, U.S. Patent 3,284,005
Cloud formation and subsequent moisture precipitation, U.S. Patent 3,409,220
System and method for irradiation of planet surface areas, Aurthur G. Buckingham, U.S. Patent 3,564,253
Weather modification method, Knollenberg, U.S. Patent 3,613,992
Combustible compositions for generating aerosols, particularly suitable for cloud modification and weather control and aerosolization process, Consiglio Nazionale delle Richerche, U.S. Patent 3,630,950
Method and apparatus for altering a region in the earth's atmosphere, ionosphere, and/or magnetosphere, J. Eastlund, U.S. Patent 4,686,605
Method and composition for precipitation of atmospheric water, Slavko Mentus, U.S. Patent 5,360,162
Use of artificial satellites in earth orbits adaptively to modify the effect that solar radiation would otherwise have on earth's weather, Franklin Y. K. Chen, U.S. Patent 5,762,298
Weather modification by artificial satellites, Franklin Y. K. Chen, U.S. Patent 5,984,239
Combustible compositions for generating aerosols, particularly suitable for cloud modification and weather control and aerosolization process, Consiglio Nazionale delle Richerche, U.S. Patent RE29,142
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